Ronald L. Numbers, Darwinism Comes to America
(Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998), Chapter 1, "Darwinism
and the Dogma of Separate Creations: The Responses of American
Naturalists to Evolution." The best study of Protestant responses
to evolution in America is Jon H. Roberts, Darwinism and the
Divine in America: Protestant Intellectuals and Organic Evolution,
1859-1900 (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1998).
But see also James R. Moore, The Post-Darwinian Controversies:
A Study of the Protestant Struggle to Come to Terms with Darwin
in Great Britain and America, 1870-1900 (Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press, 1979); and David N. Livingstone, Darwins
Forgotten Defenders: The Encounter between Evangelical Theology
and Evolutionary Thought (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans,
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