John Polkinghorne, One World: The Interaction of Science and Theology
(Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986), 22-24; John C.
Polkinghorne, "The Quantum World," in Physics, Philosophy, and
Theology: A Common Quest for Understanding, ed. Robert J. Russell, William
R. Stoeger, S.J. and George V. Coyne, S.J. (Vatican City State: Vatican
Observatory Publications, 1988), 43; Polkinghorne, The faith of a physicist,
25, 156. Note that Polkinghorne is
apparently restricting the term epistemology to the phenomena being observed
and recorded (e.g., data and experience) whereas epistemology normally
includes, and is even primarily focused on, the existing theories which account
for phenomena (e.g., deterministic chaos, quantum physics, Freudian
psychology). Thus to a critical realist
the phrase "epistemology models ontology" would seem more likely to mean that
the theories in science, perhaps even their specific concepts and terms, refer
to reality regardless of what the phenomena might suggest.
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