Interesting examples of conservatives
include Charles Hodge, Systematic Theology, 3 Volumes (New York:
Scribner's Sons, 1891); Donald G. Bloesch, Holy Scripture: Revelation,
Inspiration and Interpretation (Downers' Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1994);
and Millard Erickson, Christian Theology (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1983). Liberals
include Rudolf Bultmann, Theology of the New Testament: Complete in One
Volume, trans. Kendrick Grobel (New
York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1951/1955); Rudolf Bultmann, Jesus Christ and
Mythology (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1958), esp. Ch. V; Gordon D.
Kaufman, Systematic Theology: A Historicist Perspective (New York:
Scribner's Sons, 1978); Gordon D. Kaufman, "On the Meaning of 'Act of
God'," in God's Activity in the World: The Contemporary Problem,
ed. Owen Thomas, Studies in Religion Series/American Academy of Religion, No.
31 (Chico, Calif.: Scholars Press, 1983), 137-62; Maurice Wiles,
"Religious Authority and Divine Action," in God's Activity in the
World: The Contemporary Problem, ed. Owen Thomas, Studies in Religion
Series/American Academy of Religion, No. 31 (Chico, Calif.: Scholars Press,
1983), 181-94; Maurice Wiles, God's Action in the World: The Bampton
Lectures for 1986 (SCM Press, 1986).
See Murphy, Beyond liberalism and fundamentalism. for details. Philosophical systems, such as Kants, and
theological systems, such as Schleiermachers, were pivotal to the liberal
approach; in both cases, religion is restricted to a separate domain from
nature, the realm of moral order or inward piety, respectively. It is a
"two worlds" view of this sort and its 20th century legacy that scholars
in theology and science are now trying to overcome.
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