These pages describe the beginnings of Big Bang theory, the conviction that
the universe is expanding from an initial singularity.
They examine the evidence for a Big Bang, and discuss the question is the
Big Bang a moment of creation?
They then go on to look at more recent developments under the heading Stephen
Hawking and the growth of quantum cosmology- in particular the
Hawking-Hartle proposal for the early universe. An important element in the
contemporary science-and-religion debate is that of theological responses to
The universe appears fine-tuned, as though by a designer. We
discuss the anthropic coincidences and the remarkable uniformity of the
universe. Then we discuss responses to this apparent fine-tuning:
We then evaluate these responses in analysing the anthropic arguments.
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Contributed by: Dr. Christopher Southgate
Source: God, Humanity and the
Cosmos (T&T Clark, 1999)