31. Physics Topic: The Theology of Providence
Simon Laplace combined the determinism
of Newtons equations with epistemological and metaphysical
reductionism to portray all of nature as an impersonal mechanism.
David Hume challenged the arguments for God as first cause and
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32. Physics Topic: Quantum Physics
to a fundamental indeterminism in reality. Werner Heisenberg
argued this way: the chance aspects of quantum phenomena are due
to an ontological property, indeterminism, which holds at the
quantum level in the world. Albert Einstein and
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33. Resources: Books on Biology, Genetics and Theology
Playing God? Genetic Determinism and Human Freedom
Sociobiology: The New Synthesis
The Human Factor
The Selfish Gene
Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of
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34. Resources: CTNS Recommended: Intermediate Level
God? Genetic Determinism and Human Freedom . (New York and London: Routledge, 1997). ISBN: 0415915228.
______, and Gaymon
Bennett , eds. Bridging Science and Religion . (
: 2002). ISBN: 0334028930.
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35. General Term: Quantum Theory
ontological indeterminism (Heisenberg), ontological determinism (Einstein, David
Bohm --- as stressed recently by Jim Cushing), or many worlds (
); as involving consciousness (Von Neumann, Eugene Wigner , Roger
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36. Divine Action Topic: Stoeger, William R. Contemporary Physics and the ...
reductionism and determinism are untenable. The laws of nature are in fact human
constructions guided by careful research.
The intermediate-level regularities which they model originate in the
relationships of fundamental
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37. Divine Action Topic: Crutchfield, James P., J. Doyne Farmer, Norman H. Packa...
challenge to Laplacian determinism posed by quantum mechanics for subatomic
phenomena like radioactive decay, but stresses that large-scale chaotic
behavior, which focuses instead on macroscopic phenomena like the trajectory of
a baseball or
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38. Divine Action Topic: Ellis, George F.R. Quantum Theory and the Macrosc...
outcome, even when there is determinism and mechanism at
the microlevel, is partially effected by the context of boundary conditions, macroconstraints,
and macroinfluences. Here systems thinking, based on synthesis, is needed as
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39. Divine Action Topic: Russell, Robert John. Divine Action and Quantum M...
pointing to ontological indeterminism, then one can
construct a robust bottom-up, noninterventionist, approach to objective,
mediated, direct divine action. In this approach, Gods indirect acts at the
macroscopic level, understood as both
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40. Divine Action Topic: Chaos and Complexity
based on metaphysical
determinism and indeterminism? In what ways do they shed light on the problem
of general and special providence, and in particular on a non-interventionist
understanding of objectively special divine action? Are there
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