Einstein, Albert (1879-1955)
naturalised Swiss and American physicist. He is arguably the twentieth centurys
most famous scientific figure. His output included the theories of special
relativity (1905) and general relativity (1915), which revolutionised the
classical mechanical understanding of space, time and gravitation.
made fundamental contributions to the fields of statistical mechanics and
quantum theory. Later in his life, following his emigration to the United States
and appointment at Princeton University in New Jersey, he searched for a unified
theory of gravitation and electromagnetism. He complained that the new quantum
theory was fundamentally incomplete without this unification. It remains one of
the physical sciences greatest unsolved puzzles.
by: Richard P Whaite
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