Spinoza, Baruch (or Benedictus) (1632-77)
Jewish philosopher. Often viewed as
a pantheist, or pure naturalist, and rigid determinist, he wrote of the single
metaphysical substance (God or nature), or the one necessary being that is
self-dependent and not distinct from the world. As a strict rationalist influenced by René Descartes
(1596-1650), he also discussed how we may know this one reality by way of a kind
of Euclidian reasoning that issues in an ethical appreciation of reality as it
is known to the intellect.
by: Marty Maddox/CTNS
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