View by:







Newton, Isaac (1642-1727)

English natural philosopher. His Works include: Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, 1687. Opticks, 1704. His importance lay in the areas of: Gravity, mathematics, optics, astronomy, motion, as well as the grand synthesis completing new view of the world.

Isaac Newton

Newton’s work can be considered as the culmination of the scientific revolution. The cosmological synthesis draws together the work of Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo and Descartes to finalise a new view of the universe, heliocentric, constructed out of mathematically treatable particles, governed by the laws of mathematical physics, working in the fashion of clockwork. While this view of the world needs to be extended beyond physics and astronomy (which was effectively the task which the Enlightenment sets itself) the fundamentals of this view of the world fall into place with the work of Newton. The methodological synthesis is equally important, as it sets the guidelines as to how science will be done, and is of course closely related to the new view of the universe. Again Newton draws on various sources; Galileo, Bacon and Descartes, to name a few.

The new method seeks a balance between mathematical theorising and controlled experiment, and pays no attention to ancient ‘authority’. The success of Newton is also important; it shows that science can indeed make great strides forward and heralds the great era of eighteenth century optimism known as the Enlightenment

He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge in 1661 and graduated 1664. In 1665, Newton returned to Lincolnshire due to plague. In 1667, appointed Lucasian Professor at the University of Cambridge. In 1689 is made Member of Parliament for the University and then in 1696 in made Warden of the Royal Mint. This was followed in 1703 by the Presidency of the Royal Society. He was knighted in 1705

Contributed by: Richard P Whaite

Related Topics:

To return to the previous topic, click on your browser's 'Back' button.

Topic Sets Available

AAAS Report on Stem-Cells

AstroTheology: Religious Reflections on Extraterrestrial Life Forms

Agency: Human, Robotic and Divine
Becoming Human: Brain, Mind, Emergence
Big Bang Cosmology and Theology (GHC)
Cosmic Questions CD-ROM Preview...
Cosmic Questions Interviews

Cosmos and Creator
Creativity, Spirituality and Computing Technologies
CTNS Content Home
Darwin: A Friend to Religion?
Demystifying Information Technology
Divine Action (GHC)
Dreams and Dreaming: Neuroscientific and Religious Visions'
E. Coli at the No Free Lunchroom
Engaging Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence: An Adventure in Astro-Ethics
Evangelical Atheism: a response to Richard Dawkins
Ecology and Christian Theology
Evolution: What Should We Teach Our Children in Our Schools?
Evolution and Providence
Evolution and Creation Survey
Evolution and Theology (GHC)
Evolution, Creation, and Semiotics

The Expelled Controversy
Faith and Reason: An Introduction
Faith in the Future: Religion, Aging, and Healthcare in the 21st Century

Francisco Ayala on Evolution

From Christian Passions to Scientific Emotions
Genetic Engineering and Food

Genetics and Ethics
Genetic Technologies - the Radical Revision of Human Existence and the Natural World

Genomics, Nanotechnology and Robotics
Getting Mind out of Meat
God and Creation: Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Perspectives on Big Bang Cosmology
God, Humanity and the Cosmos: A Textbook in Science and Religion
God the Spirit - and Natural Science
Historical Examples of the Science and Religion Debate (GHC)
History of Creationism
Intelligent Design Coming Clean

Issues for the Millennium: Cloning and Genetic Technologies
Jean Vanier of L'Arche
Nano-Technology and Nano-ethics
Natural Science and Christian Theology - A Select Bibliography
Neuroscience and the Soul
Outlines of the Science and Religion Debate (GHC)

Perspectives on Evolution

Physics and Theology
Quantum Mechanics and Theology (GHC)
Questions that Shape Our Future
Reductionism (GHC)
Reintroducing Teleology Into Science
Science and Suffering

Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action (CTNS/Vatican Series)

Space Exploration and Positive Stewardship

Stem-Cell Debate: Ethical Questions
Stem-Cell Ethics: A Theological Brief

Stem-Cell Questions
Theistic Evolution: A Christian Alternative to Atheism, Creationism, and Intelligent Design...
Theology and Science: Current Issues and Future Directions
Unscientific America: How science illiteracy threatens our future
Will ET End Religion?

Current Stats: topics: >2600, links: >300,000, video: 200 hours.