ancient Hindu scriptures, written in Sanskrit (from around 1500-900 BCE), and
comprised of four parts: 1.
Rig-Veda, 2. Brahmanas, 3. Aranyakas, and 4. Upanishads.
The first three parts deal mainly with the words, rituals, and meaning of
the sacrificial rites of the priestly caste (Brahmin). The Upanishads focus on the message that Atman, the essence
or soul of the individual self, is really the same as Brahman, the
universal and ultimate reality that is the supreme, divine Self. While Brahman may not necessarily be interpreted as personal,
the Vedas present such ultimate being as the source and essence of all
by: Marty Maddox/CTNS
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